These supplements were developed and formulated by world renowned physician and scientist, Dr. Hans Nieper. His formulas were specifically designed to be absorbed in the body quickly and efficiently. They painstakingly research each raw ingredient to assure that the highest potency, most assimilable materials are used and that they meet Dr. Nieper's standards of excellence. All of their products are then scientifically formulated and meticulously manufactured. Only then is a product packaged, labeled and given NCI Advanced Research brand.